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Facts and Figures: German Federal Election 2017


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Facts and Figures: German Federal Election 2017

  • The elections will be held on 24th September 2017 to vote for the members of the 19th Bundestag, the German parliament. It is elected for four years.

  • All German citizens of 18 plus years of age are allowed to vote. In total: 61.5 million eligible voters; 31.7 million of these are women and 29.8 million are men.

  • The voter turnout in the 2013 election was around 71 per cent.

  • This time, 42 political parties are contending for the votes - more than ever since the reunification in 1990.

  • A total of 4,828 candidates are running in the election; among them are 1,400 women (29 per cent).

  • Unlike in India with its first-past-the-post voting method, the German election system is that of a personalised proportional representation. Under this system, each voter has two votes. With his first vote, the voter elects the constituency candidate directly. The second vote goes to the so-called "Land list" of a party. Voters can cast their two votes for different parties. Due to the proportional system, the government is generally formed by a coalition of two or three parties.

  • After the election, only parties that have received at least five per cent of all second votes nationwide may enter parliament. The so-called five-per-cent-clause prevents too many small parties from being represented in the Bundestag.

  • The new parliament will elect the German chancellor, the head of government. As a rule, the candidate is from the party that has the majority in the Bundestag.

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